The liver is the most important organ of the metabolic system. It helps convert nutrients into usable substances, detoxifies certain substances, and filters blood coming from the digestive tract through a vein before it joins venous blood flow from other parts of the body. Oxygenated blood reaches the liver via an artery.
The majority of liver mass is in the upper right side of the abdomen, just under the rib cage.
The liver plays many roles in digestion and filtering the blood, including:
- producing bile
- helping the body filter out toxic substances, including alcohol, drugs, and harmful metabolites
- regulating blood levels of various important chemicals, including amino acids
- making cholesterol
- removing some bacteria from the blood
- making some immune factors
- clearing bilirubin from the blood
- regulating the process of blood clotting, so that a person does not bleed too much and does not develop dangerous blood clots
The liver partners with the gallbladder to deliver bile to the small intestine. The liver pours bile into the gallbladder, which then stores and later releases the bile when the body needs it to help with digestion.
A person can live without portions of their liver, but the liver itself is vital for life.
Hepatic Function (Liver) Panel Blood Test
The Hepatic Function Panel (7) Blood Test is a liver function test that may be useful in screening for liver disease and liver damage.
Hepatitis C Antibody Blood Test
A Hepatitis C Antibody Blood Test is used to assess exposure to Hepatitis C virus infection and tests blood safety.
Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) Blood Test
A GGT test aids in detecting liver and bile duct injury.
Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Blood Test, Quantitativ…
A Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Blood Test, Quantitative evaluates possible immunity in individuals who are at increased risks for exposure to the hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Blood Test
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Blood Test earliest indicator of the presence of acute infection.
Ammonia Plasma Test
This ammonia plasma test measures the amount of Ammonia in the blood, a compound produced by intestinal bacteria, and by cells in the body during the digestion of protein.
Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Blood Test, Qualitative
The Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Blood Test, Qualitative is useful in the detection of previous exposure to HBV.
Hepatitis Blood Test Panel, Acute
A Hepatitis Blood Test Panel includes: Hepatitis A antibody, IgM, hepatitis B core antibody, IgM, hepatitis B surface antigen, and hepatitis C antibody with reflex.
Ceruloplasmin Blood Test
A Ceruloplasmin Test is used to diagnose Wilson’s disease and other copper deficiency conditions.
Transferrin Blood Test
The Transferrin Blood Test is used to assess the body’s ability to bind and transport iron in the blood and monitor liver function or nutritional status
Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD) Isoenzymes Blood Test
A Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD) Isoenzymes Blood Test helps identify the cause and location of tissue damage in the body and to monitor its progress.
Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase (LD) Blood Test
A LD or LDH Blood Test measures lactic acid dehydrogenase an enzyme that is elevated in case of any tissue damage or injury.
Complement C4 Blood Test
This Complement C4 Blood Test measures the amount of Complement C4 protein in your blood. These proteins are part of your complement system, an important part of your immune system that helps kill bacteria and viruses causing disease.
Aldolase Blood Test
An aldolase blood test looks for damage to muscles, liver or the heart.
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Blood Test
An alpha-1 antitrypsin blood test is integral in defining the cause of early-onset emphysema and liver dysfunction.
Protein Electrophoresis Serum Test
A Protein Electrophoresis Serum Test measures the types of protein in the fluid (serum) part of a blood sample.
Hepatitis C Antibody Blood Test with Reflex on Posit…
Assess exposure to hepatitis C virus infection and tests blood safety.
Liver Profile #3 Extreme Blood Test Panel
A Liver Profile #3 Extreme Blood Test Panel includes Hepatic-7 Panel + GGT, LDH, Total Cholesterol plus PT, CBC’s, AFP, and Ferritin, plus Acute Hepatitis Panel.
Alkaline Phosphatase Blood Test
The alkaline phosphatase blood test measures the level of the enzyme alkaline phosphatase in the blood.
Mitochondrial (M2) Antibody Blood Test
A mitochondrial antibody test is used to determine the presence of mitochondrial antibodies which can be used in conjunction with clinical findings and other laboratory tests to aid in the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC).
Complement Total (CH50) Blood Test
A CH50 test is used to help determine any protein abnormalities and deficiencies in the complement system.
Bilirubin Total and Direct Blood Test
A bilirubin test is used to detect an increased level in the blood. It may be used to help determine the cause of jaundice and/or help diagnose conditions such as liver disease, hemolytic anemia, and blockage of the bile ducts.
Bilirubin Direct Blood Test
A Bilirubin Direct Blood Test is used to evaluate liver and biliary disease. Increased direct bilirubin occurs with biliary diseases, including both intrahepatic and extrahepatic lesions.
Hepatitis B Core Antibody Blood Test, IgM
A Hepatitis B Core Antibody Blood Test, IgM, measures HBcAb which is an antibody produced in response to the core-antigen, a component of the Hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Blood Test, Quantitative, Re…
A HCV Blood Test is used to determine the number of international units (IU) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA per milliliter serum or plasma in known HCV-positive patients.
Hepatitis A Antibody Blood Test, IgM
A Hepatitis A Antibody Blood Test is a differential diagnosis of hepatitis; the presence of IgM antibody to hepatitis A virus is good evidence for acute hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B (HBV) Blood Test Panel
A Hepatitis B (HBV) Blood Test Panel includes a Hepatitis B Core Antibody Total (Test #006718), Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (Test #006510), Hepatitis B Surface Antibody (Test #006395).
Hepatitis B Core Antibody Total Blood Test
A Hepatitis B Core Antibody Total Blood Test is used to find out if you are infected with the hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Blood Test, RNA, Qualitative…
A HCV Blood Test, RNA, Qualitative, NAA is used to detect and confirm Hepatitis C virus infection.
Prealbumin Blood Test
This Prealbumin Blood Test evaluates protein malnutrition, total parenteral nutrition, and liver dysfunction.
Alkaline Phosphatase Isoenzymes Blood Test
The alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes blood test measures the amounts of different types of alkaline phosphatase in the blood.
Hepatitis A Antibody Blood Test, Total
A Hepatitis A Antibody Blood Test total measures both IgG and IgM forms of the antibodies associated with Hepatitis A. Although the test measures both IgG and IgM antibodies looking for past and recent exposure, test results report a total and do not differentiate between the two forms.
Protein Electrophoresis and Total Protein Blood Test
Measures the types of protein in the fluid (serum) part of a blood sample.
Bile Acids Blood Test
A Bile Acids Blood Test evaluates the enterohepatic cycle consisting of the biliary system, intestine, portal circulation, and hepatocytes
Creatine Serum Test
A Creatine Serum Test looks for Creatine, a compound that is made primarily in the liver and then transported to your muscles.
Carnitine Total and Free Blood Test
This Carnitine Total and Free Blood Test measures your blood’s amount of a substance called carnitine. It compares the amount of carnitine that is usable or ” free ” to the total amount in your body.
Liver-Kidney Microsomal (LKM) Antibodies Serum Test
The liver-kidney microsomal (LKM) antibodies serum test is used in the detection of LKM-1 antibodies is an aid in the diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis, type 2 (AIH-2).
Hepatitis Be Antigen Blood Test
A Hepatitis Be Antigen Blood Test is a differential diagnosis, staging, and prognosis of hepatitis B infection.
Urinalysis Macroscopic, Dipstick
This Urinalysis Macroscopic, Dipstick test is used to access the chemical constituents in the urine and the relationship to various diseases.
Copper Urine Test, Random
A Copper Urine Test, Random monitors exposure to copper.
Hepatitis B Core Antibody Differentiation Blood Test…
The Hepatitis B Core Antibody Differentiation Blood Test, IgG and IgM assesses Hepatitis B virus infection.
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Blood Test, FibroSure
A HCV Blood Test, FibroSure is an assessment of Liver status following a diagnosis of HCV.
Protein Electrophoresis Blood Test, Reflex to IFE
The Protein Electrophoresis Blood Test is used to help monitor or diagnose disease categories as acute or chronic inflammation, liver disorder, hypogammaglobulinemia, and possible monoclonal gammopathies.
ASH FibroSure Blood Test
This ASH FibroSure Blood Test is intended for noninvasive assessment of liver status in patients with alcoholic liver disease.
Corticosteroids 17 Hydroxy Urine Test, 24-Hour
A corticosteroids 17 hydroxy urine Test, 24-hour measures the levels of 17-hydroxy corticosteroid (17-OHCS), an inactive product formed when the liver and other body tissues break down the steroid hormone, cortisol.
PTH Antibody Blood Test
This PTH Antibody Blood Test is used to help evaluate autoimmune disorders involving parathyroid gland that may result in the production of anti-PTH & hypo-parathyroidism.